Node Js vs. Go – Which One is Best for Backend Development?

Node js development

Web and mobile app developers possess a range of choices when it comes to selecting advanced programming languages. This selection is important for front-end as well as back-end developers. In this article, we will compare two powerful backend technologies, Node js development and Go.

What is Node Js?

It is an open-source JavaScript engine specially designed for developing straightforward and complex scalable network applications with the help of JavaScript on the server side. It runs on different platforms like Linux, macOS, and Linux. Node js development is also becoming quite popular these days.

When Node js is used?

Node js development offers an appropriate platform for server-side applications that deal with more than one request while putting no burden on nodes. If anyone is supposed to develop applications like online messenger, video chat applications, and online messenger then the node is one of the top choices.

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What is the Go programming language?

Golang, popularly known as Go, is a statistically typed and open-source programming language developed by Google. It is a multipurpose programming language and cross-platform highly recommended for web development. It is also a structural language that includes the performance and security benefits of C++. Golang is mainly known for its memory safety, garbage collection, and dynamic interfaces.

When to use Golang?

Golang is used for applications that require multi-threaded and processor-based tasks. It is a suitable language for developing backend applications.

Detailed comparison

Maturity Level: Golang is robust and mature enough although it was introduced in 2009. In this line, Node also displays the same maturity level by supporting the larger audience. However, developers face issues in writing Node modules in the process of changing APIs.

Performance: Node js development offers a JavaScript runtime integrated language and performs slower than Go, which is based on improved compiled language.

Error Handling: Node handles errors with the help of the try-catch technique. In this technique, errors are identified while occurring and developers try to debug them quickly. On the other hand, Golang separates runtime and compile-time errors. This creates confusion among developers and led to the adoption of a standard process for handling exceptions by them.

Development Tools: Node js development is superior when it comes to discussing the availability of tools. Tools are available for everything from simple to complex tasks. Opposite this, Golang is quite new to backend development and there are efficient tools available to deal with complex tasks. However, they are currently less as compared to Node.

Difficulty Level: It is easier to learn Node.js than Golang as it is based on JavaScript. Further, if a developer is not well-known in JavaScript, learning and working on Node.js is quite simple because Node.js courses and contents are available on the internet. On the other hand, Golang demands developers to learn about specific concepts, processes, rules, concepts, strict typing, pointers, coroutines, interfaces, and other features.


After conducting a thorough analysis and comparison between Node.js and Golang, it is not easier to declare one as superior to the other as both are having their specific advantages and disadvantages. When it comes to analyzing from a performance perspective, Golang works well, while Node.js can be held better in terms of development tools and simplicity. However, selection among both largely depends on project requirements. If you are looking to get your application developed in any of them, you can connect with experts at Alphonic.

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